Anichebe was the only big omission from the Super Eagles’ squad that will begin training in Malaga, Spain, from January 4.
Vogts stuck to the players who have played under him since he took charge in March.
Several players from the local League were also called up including two from the victorious Under-17 World Cup team, the Golden Eaglets.
Vogts said they will only train with the other established players so as to gain experience.
“My target is to win the Cup and we can do that with a bit of luck,” said the German coach.
Goalkeepers: Austin Ejide (Bastia), Dele Aiyenugba (Bnei Yehuda), Vincent Enyeama (Hapoel Tel Aviv)
Defenders: Rabiu Afolabi (Sochaux), Danny Shittu (Watford), Onyekachi Apam (OGC Nice), Obinna Nwaneri (FC Sion), Joseph Yobo (Everton), Ifeanyi Emeghara (Steaua Bucharest), Kingsley Udoh (Akwa United), Efe Ambrose (Kaduna United), Taye Taiwo (Olympique Marseille)
Midfielders: Seyi Olofinjana (Wolves), Dickson Etuhu (Sunderland), Richard Eromoigbe (Levski Sofia), John Mikel Obi (Chelsea), Sani Kaita (Sparta Rotterdam), Onyekachi Okonkwo (FC Zurich), Yusuf Ayila (Dynamo Kyiv), Lukman Haruna (Crystal Academy), Rabiu Ibrahim (Sporting Lisbon), Oladapo Olufemi (Boavista)
Forwards: Nwankwo Kanu, John Utaka (Portsmouth), Osaze Odemwingie (Lokomotiv Moscow), Mannaseh Ishiaku (MSV Duisburg), Ikechukwu Uche (CF Getafe), Yakubu Aiyegbeni (Everton), Ayodele Makinwa (SS Lazio), Obinna Nsofor (Chievo Verona), Obafemi Martins (Newcastle)